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  Rabi Jung Pandey


1)      Name: Rabi Jung Pandey

2)      Date of Birth: January19, 1956

3)      Nationality: Nepali

4)      Address for correspondence: P.O.Box 2224, Kathmandu, Nepal


5)      Telephone (Home): 00977-1-4700638, 00977-1-4701088 Fax : 00977-1-4269770

               Email: rjpandey_trpap@ntb.org.np , rabi@paknajol.wlink.com.np

6)      Education:                   M.Sc. in Tourism Management,

University of Surrey, U.K.1994 - 95

MBA (Master of Business Administration)

India.  1977 - 80

D. Ag. Ed. (Diploma in Agricultural Education)

                                                Nepal.  1974 - 76

7)      Other Professional Trainings:

o       Appreciative Participatory Planning and Action Training 2001

o       In-Country English Language Training

o       The British Council, Kathmandu, 1994.

o       Personnel Administration,

o       Public Service Commission, Nepal, Kathmandu, 1982.

o       Management Training

o       Durgapur Steel Plant, West Bengal, India, 1978.

o       English Language Training

o       United States Information Service (USIS), Kathmandu, Nepal, 1971.


8)      Languages and degree of proficiency:

     Language                Read              Write               Speaking

1.   English                    Excellent           Excellent           Excellent

2.   Nepali                     Native               Excellent           Excellent

3.   Hindi                      Excellent            Excellent           Excellent

9)      Member of Professional Organisations:

  • Member - Nepal Cleft Lip and Palate Society, Kathmandu, Nepal. 2006

  • Founder Life Member: Association of British Alumni in Nepal (ABAN) Since 1997

  • President: Association of British Alumni in Nepal (ABAN) Since October 2004

  • Member - Advisory Committee, Department of Environmental Science, Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science, Rampur, Chitwan, (Since 2005)

  • Advisor - Kathmandu Academy of Tourism and Hospitality, Purbanchal University, Nepal (Since 2002)

  • Visiting Lecturer - T.U. Masters in Humanities (Rural Development Department), Kathmandu, (Since 2004 )

  • Lecturer and Faculty Member: Nepal College of Travel and Tourism Management (NCTTM) Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal (1696 –2001)


10)  Employments Records:


  • National Programme Manager (NPM), From September 2001 till date, UNDP / Tourism for Rural Poverty Alleviation Programme (TRPAP), GON/UNDP/DFID/SNV-N  (NEP/99/013), Katmandu, Nepal

  • Manager ( Head of the Department), From October 1995 – 2001, GON. Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation, Tara Gaon Development Board. Kathmandu, Nepal.

  • Deputy Manager (Business Division) Business and Personnel Administration, From April 1992 – October 1995, GON. Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation, Tara Gaon Development Board, Kathmandu,

  • Senior Officer (Business Division) Business, Personnel and General Administration, From September 1985 – March 1992, GON. Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation, Tara Gaon Development Board, Kathmandu

  • Administrative Officer (Personnel and General Administration). From April 1982 – September 1985, GON. Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation, Tara Gaon Development Board, Kathmandu

        11) Tourism Research Activities:


  • Advisor - Various District Tourism Plans, Guidelines, Pro-poor Tourism Policy, Strategic Tourism Plan, Tourism Marketing Strategy etc related to Tourism for Rural Poverty alleviation Programme (TRPAP) and Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation.

September 2001 - till date.

  • Consultant -  Nepal Tourism Board,  June to July, 2001
  • Consultant & Team Leader - HMG, Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation, Tara Gaon Development Board, 1996 – 2003.

·        Tourism Standards Development Specialist - for Tourism Sector Development Project, Asian Development Bank. TA NO. 2685 – NEP. May to August 1997.

  • Research Member - National Productivity and Economic Development Center, Kathmandu, Nepal. 1993 – 1996.


       12)  Participation, and Paper Presentation:


·        Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), 2nd BIMSTEC Tourism Ministers' Round Table & Workshop, 28 - 30 August 2006, Kathmandu, Nepal

·        Promoting Community Base Tourism in Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal, 26 June, 2006

·        Culture, Tourism and Poverty Alleviation: Conservation of Local Arts and Culture, Kathmandu, Nepal, 24 February 2006

·        Efforts on Poverty Alleviation through Community Based Rural Tourism Development Model in Dolpa, Kathmandu, Nepal, 21 February 2006, Jointly organized by Malika Community Development Center, Mugu with Poverty Alleviation Fund (PAF), SNV-Nepal and ICIMOD.

·        Result – Based Monitoring and Evaluation Workshop, United Nations Development Programme, Kathmandu, Nepal, 23 – 25 January, 2006

·        Local Economic Development through Rural Tourism, Forum of the North - South Solidarities, Marseille, France, December 1 – 3, 2005.

·        Participation at World Tourism Market (WTM), London, United Kingdom, November 14 - 17, 2005.

·        Participation at International Tourismus  Borse (ITB), Berlin, Germany, March 11 – 15, 2005.

·        A High Level Study Visit on Community Based Tourism of South East Asia, Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia, December 11- 22, 2004.

·        Tourism Policy Forum: Tourism’s Potential as a Sustainable

·        Development Strategy, Organised by UN WTO and Gerge Washington University (GWU), October 18-20, 2004, Washington, D.C. USA.

·        Collective Enterprises Development, Opportunities and Constraints of Collective Enterprise Development in Rural Nepal, March 6-7, 2003, Kathmandu, Nepal


·        ATLAS Africa conference - Community tourism Options for the future, Arusha, Tanzania, 20-22nd February 2003      


·        Intercultural Management and Team Building Workshop, February 7-9, 2003, Nagarkot, Bhaktapur, Nepal        


·        Culture, Heritage Management & Tourism - A UNESCO International conference/workshop for the enhancement of stakeholder cooperation in Asia and the Pacific, April 8 - 16, 2000, Bhaktapur, NEPAL.                     


·        Model Tourism Village, Workshop organised by Department of Tourism - 19th June 1998, Pokhara, Nepal.


·        MICE Marketing Workshop organised by Nepal Incentive and
Convention Association - 12th January 1997, Kathmandu, Nepal


·        Regional Co-operation in Tourism, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Chamber of Commerce and Industry Tourism Council, Seminar Cum Governing Board Meeting, 26 - 28 December 1996.


·        Customer Care in the Hospitality Industry, Global Trends in Tourism, Workshops Held at Kathmandu on February 1996, by Restaurant, Hotel, Institutional Management Institute, Purdue University, Indiana, U.S.A.


·        Mountaineering Liaison Officer Orientation Programme,  Ministry of Tourism, Kathmandu 20 - 28 February 1992.


·        National Workshop on Negotiating with Transnational Corporation in the Tourism Sector. Kathmandu, Nepal  10 - 15 December 1989.



       13) Publications:         

Various Articles on Tourism
  • Rural Tourism Development: A prudent way to integrate national and local level development, August 2006

  • Rural Tourism Development in Nepal: A Case of UNDP/TRPAP, August 2006

  • Understanding of tourism's role in economic development, July 2006

  • Promotion and Marketing of New Tourism Products. January 2006

  • How heritage can be managed as sustainable resource for tourism development?, December 2005

  • Sustainable tourism – A vehicle to reduce poverty, July 2004

  • Sharing Best Practices of Nepal's Tourism at the WTO Forum, November 2004

  • Dolpa- Unique Pilot Project Area of TRPAP, April 2003

  • Rural Tourism Embraces Sustainability and the Poor, 2003

  • Heritage Sites – An Alternative Tourism Industry, November 2000

  • Linking Tourism with Rural Development, August 2000.

  • VNY will not be tourism's malaise, February 1998.

  • SAARC tourism: Yet to gain momentum, May 1997

  • Investment incentives: Inputs in developing tourism, May 1997

  • Government incentives in tourism, April 1997

  • Organisational Structure: Tourism's major edifice, March 1997

  • Domestic Tourism: A boost to regional development March 1997

  • Developing Tourism as Community Industry – January 1997

  • Tourism Development: Community approach can help – December 1996

  • South Asia’s fragile tourism  - September 1996

  • Rural tourism: A special concept – August 1996

  • State intervention and private sector in tourism – June 1996

  • Facts behind wander lost  - July 1996

  • Open doors to untrodon places  - April 1996

  • Tourism forgets entrepreneurial aspects  - March 1996

  • Planned approach to promote tourism in Nepal  - March 1996

  • A rational approach to tourism development  - Feb. 1996

  • The other side of tourism  - Feb. 1996

  • Tourism development – Nepal’s Image on offer  - January 1996

  • Tourism’s expanding Asian market  - January 1996

  • Ecotourism in Nepal: Yet to gain popularity  - January 1996

  • Sustainable development of tourism  - January 1996

  • Cooperation in SAARC tourism: A regional approach – January 1977

  • South Asian Tourism – Boom or Bust?  - January 1977

  • Marketing tourism for Visit Nepal ‘98  - November 1996

  • Pro-poor tourism – An affirmative approach to reduce poverty, June 2005

  • Rural Tourism prospective in Nepal: Defy to make it sustainable and more pro-poor, March 2004

  • Rural Tourism: Challenge to make it sustainable and more pro-poor, January 2003

  • National Image Building – A Real Challenge For Sustainable Tourism Development, August 2001.

  • Participatory approach – the real means to develop tourism in Nepal, November 2000

  • Market forces for tourism development: Standards and ratings, September 1997

  • Coordinated approach: A timely demand of tourism industry January 1997

  • Nature oriented tourism in Nepal – A sustainable way to develop – March 1996

  • Planning human resources, a requisite in tourism development  - Feb. 1996

  • Nepal’s hospitality industry – In need of new concepts  - January 1996

  • Visit Nepal Year 1998: Still dry – May 1996

       14)  Country Visited:

India, Pakistan, U.A.E., Germany, France, United Kingdom, United States of America, Kenya, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Austria


Challenges in running a community based ecotourism project - TRPAP



Tourism in Nepal has considered as one of the important industries to earn foreign currency. Therefore, the government has been more apprehensive on promoting this industry with higher priority. It has thought that, ecotourism being an employment-oriented industry; it could solve the unemployment problems, if it is expanded to different additional areas of the country.


Therefore taking these facts into consideration, it has been initiated to develop ecotourism with wider objectives. It affects the livelihoods of the community in multiple ways. Impacts on livelihoods and not just income need to be assessed along with the variety of positive and negative affects. Differential impacts between poor groups, particularly the fairly poor and the poorest, can be expected. The poor are more vulnerable to the main negative impacts, such as conflicts with other livelihood strategies through loss of natural resources, and vulnerability due to local inflation. They face the greatest barriers to seizing economic opportunities created by tourism.


Community based ecotourism generates net benefits for the community (i.e. benefits are greater than costs). Usually, there is a tendency to judged benefits only in terms of economic benefits only. However, social, environmental and cultural costs and benefits also need to be taken into account. Therefore, ecotourism strategies need to be considered specifically with impacts and opportunities for local people.


Similarly, these strategies have to be integrated with general tourism development for two reasons:

(i) mainstream activities (such as tourism planning) need to be influenced by community participation; and

(ii) ecotourism cannot succeed without successful development of the whole tourism destination.